What An Accident Attorney In Sacramento Does

You might ask yourself what an Accident Attorney In Sacramento does to help those who have been in some sort of accident. They will first want to talk to you and make sure that you do not sign anything from any insurance company waiving the claim. If you have been in an accident and have had damages and it was not your fault, then you need to make sure that you see an Accident Attorney In Sacramento before you sign a thing. If you sign off on the claim, then the attorney cannot help you. Unless, of course, you were somehow incapacitated at the time when you signed off on the claim.

It is important for anyone who has had an accident or if a loved one has had an accident, to find out some answers. They need to know the legal implications of the accident, damages and how they can be compensated for said damages. Those who have been in an accident should contact an Accident Attorney in Sacramento. They will be able to tell them whether or not they have any sort of case. The Accident Attorney In Sacramento will want to hear details of the case so be sure to be able to relate them in a clear manner. It is a good idea to write down the details so that you can remember them for the attorney and then read them off when you call.

The attorney will be able to take a look at the damages that are out there and the accident itself based on what you tell them on the phone. Then they will decide whether or not you should come in and see them. If they think that they have a case, the attorney will ask that you go in for an appointment. You will have to bring the accident report that you got from the police station as well as any evidence of damage. This can mean the cost to replace the car or other item as well as any medical bills or damage to yourself. This should all be presented to the attorney at the time of this consultation.

The attorney will review the cause of the accident and be aware that it does not have to be 100 percent the fault of the other person. They will take a look at the whole picture and then based on previous experience through case law, they will be able to tell you whether or not you have a case. They will know the case law off of the top of their heads in many cases because they practice this so often. They generally have a very good eye for detail and also a very good memory because they studied this over and over again. So they can often tell you right away what you are looking at based upon past case laws that are already a record of the court system and also what information you have provided. They will then ask you to retain them as your legal counsel. This consultation will not cost you anything but they will want to get paid from any settlement made to you for the work that they do for you in making sure you are justly compensated for your damages by whoever is responsible for the accident.

Just what Is A Lawbreaker Protection Attorney?

Exactly what is a criminal safeguard lawyer? They is a legal specialist that coordinates a case in purchase to represent a customer that is implicated of a criminal offense.

These crimes incorporate sex, medication and outrageous offenses which are things that are not accepted by the general public as seen in this nation’s legislations.

The task presently of the criminal defense attorney is to wrestle for the customer by defending the customer in open court in a jury of their peers. In some cases, this person succeeds when the jury presents a verdict of certainly not bad. Other times, the jury will definitely say that the implicated is accountable.

If the jury does not actually have a unanimous decision, the judge has no alternative yet to call for a retrial. Should there by an error made in the test run such as the selection of the jury, the judge will say that it is a mistrial and after again, both edges are going to need to start over and present their instance.

There are examples where the criminal protection lawyer as well as the district attorney do not need to work out this matter in court. This could happen as both edges have an agreement and this is authorized by the judge.

However how performs this all take place? First, a crime needs to be carried out. Police authorizations will at that point need to determine exactly what take place and also if they have ample evidence, a suspect is arrested.

The person who is seized has the right to continue to be silent in the course of calling into question till their lawyer occurs. If the individual is able to not actually manage one, then a lawyer will definitely be given so also those who do not have funds may be properly represented.

The sixth amendment in the invoice of civil liberties state that everybody that is seized has the right to a rapid test run and this needs to be done where the crime was pulled off. After being arraigned, the criminal safeguard attorney are going to presently carry out an inspection by consulting witnesses, reviewing authorities records and also other proof that is related to the case.

The suspect that is charged with the criminal offense is able to only be sentenced if the case presented by the district attorney’s office is very convincing. This implies that a criminal defense lawyer can get a not bad consensus by placing holes into the safeguard of the state’s attorney. When this happens, the customer is freed. Really should things go the many other away, the criminal protection attorney may make an appeal to the higher court regarding the lesser court’s conviction.

Can anyone emerge as a criminal defense lawyer? A bunch of professionals state no because unlike various other field of expertises in the method, some identify it incredibly intimidating especially when the client that you need to exemplify is actually responsible of the crime. Yet offered that you are that individual’s lawyer, it is your obligation to defend the accused to the most reliable of your capability from start-off to complete.

Offered that criminal offense of all sorts and also quality happen, some have certainly put together their own law firms that practice criminal regulation. A lot of that graduate from legislation college work for the government and also are regularly referred to as “social defenders.”

Just how much you gain as a criminal safeguard lawyer varies. This depends normally that your customer is since if you are defending a millionaire, you can charge a ton for your lawful rates while an individual that does not make considerably will certainly be able to just offer just how much is in their billfold.


The Americans with Disability Act (ADA) was signed into law in the 1990s and was designed to protect people with disabilities from discrimination in the workplace.

Here are some of the most frequently asked questions about ADA.

What is ADA?

The ADA or the Americans with Disability Act is a law which protects qualified workers from being discriminated as a result of their disability by private employers, state/local government, labor unions, employment agencies and others. The law covers all employers with 15 or more employees.

How do you define if a person has a disability?

A person is considered to have disability if he/she has a physical or mental injury that limits his major activities.

These major activities may include the following:

• Walking

• Hearing

• Seeing

• Speaking

• Breathing

• Performing manual tasks

• Learning

That person should have a record of such injury like a doctor’s report and should be regarded as having said injury.

How do you define a “qualified individual with disability”?

This refers to a person that has a disability who has legitimate skills, education and experience or any other requirements that is essential for the position he/she is pursuing with or without reasonable accommodation.

A person who has a disability can be assured that he/she is not disqualified as long as they can perform the “essential functions” of the position regardless if they cannot perform other marginal tasks.

If said individual is qualified except for limitations caused by that person’s disability, the employer could consider if said applicant can perform the functions with some reasonable accommodations.

Do the employers have to give preference to disabled applicants/employees?

Not at all. An employer should be free to choose the most qualified person for the position regardless if that applicant has a disability or none.

In the same regard, employers should hold employees with disabilities at the same standards as the other employees.

What defines reasonable accommodation?

This refers to any modification or adjustment to the job or the work environment to allow individuals with disabilities to apply or later on, to perform job functions.

Reasonable Accommodation also includes adjustments made so that the person with disability will have equal rights and benefits as that of other employees.

Here are some of the reasonable accommodations an employer can provide:

• Modifying facilities to be accessible to all people including individuals with disability

• Adjusting work schedules

• Restructuring a job

• Acquiring equipment

• Providing readers and/or interpreters

• Appropriate adjustments to examinations, trainings and others

Are there limitations to the obligation of employers to provide reasonable accommodation?

Yes there are. First, the individual must be a qualified person with disability and the employer must also be informed of the disability.

Second, the employer is not required to provide accommodations if it would impose “undue hardships” to the business operations.

Undue hardships refers to actions that requires significant difficulty or/and expenses. This is based on a number of factors that determines the nature and cost of the accommodation with regard to the size, resources and other factors of the business operations.

Undue hardships are determined in a case to case basis.

Can an employer consider health/safety in retaining/hiring an individual with disability?

Yes. The law allows employers to establish standards that will exclude people who pose a direct threat to the health and safety of the said individual and others despite reasonable accommodations.

In this regard, the employer cannot just assume threat but he/she should establish that there is a significant risk in the workplace through a thorough, objective, and medically supported methods.

What factors affect Personal Injury Compensations?

The amount of personal injury compensation will depend on different factors but mostly it will be based on your medical bills in the past and the future.

Personal injury compensation factors in what the person have lost and will lose because of the injury.

This will involve putting a dollar value to things that are not monetary in the first place. A great example for this is pain and suffering. How do you put a monetary value on that?

Insurance adjusters and the courts usually have their own formula on how they compute a value for non-monetary factors.

One thing to remember about personal injury compensation is that personal injury compensations for each person have no general worth.

It will be different for each person because there are many non-monetary factors that affect the final amount that you and the insurance companies will agree in.

To have a rough idea of what you are entitled for your personal injury compensation, the most important thing to keep in mind is “what are the liable parties’ responsibilities to you?”

• First of all, all expenses that are related to your injury must be paid by the liable party. This should include medical bills that you or your insurance company paid for, and lost income because of the injury.

• Next to be considered is the pain and suffering that was brought by the injury. This will include pain and suffering that you have already experienced and those that you may experience in the future.

• Emotional distress and damages will also be considered especially for missed experiences whether educational, social or family related.

How the type of injury affects Personal Injury Compensation

The type of injury a person sustains will also affect the amount he/she will receive from insurance companies.

The basic rule is greater injuries will result to more expensive treatment therefore resulting to greater damages.

Non-severe injuries like bruises, sprains, scrapes and scratches will probably get you compensation for your medical bills.

However, those types of injuries will probably not fetch anymore other than that. Do not expect any punitive damages to be awarded for those types of injuries.

What insurance companies fear are hard injuries. These includes broken bones and head injuries.

Head injuries are very unpredictable that is why even the slightest head injury can increase the amount of compensation you can receive.

As a result of its unpredictability, head and brain injuries are expected to affect the person for a long time with some of the damages not manifesting until after a few months or even years.

Because of its long-term effect, compensation for pain and suffering also increases.

Another example of a hard injury is broken bones. Fractured bones generally increases the damages awarded to the victim as the injuries and the pain are obvious and visible.

This is most especially true if the fracture happens on a critical spot like joints.

Broken bones are also most likely to lead to other injuries like joint pain and arthritis.

Because the injuries and the pain are only too obvious, pain and suffering damages are also increased.
How a Personal Injury Attorney helps?

Personal injury compensations are usually a result of the final agreement between you and either your or the liable party’s insurance company.

Insurance companies will try to pay you as little as possible, and without a background on how damages are computed you may not get a fair amount.

That is where a personal injury attorney comes in. Your personal injury attorney can help in negotiating the terms of your personal injury compensation that will get you a fair amount.

How Attorneys Handle Accident Cases in Los Angeles

Accidents can happen anywhere – oftentimes, when we least expect it. Some accidents are caused intentionally; others happen due to negligence. In some cases, accidents end up with tragic consequences.

Regardless of the type, accidents result in either an injury or damage to property. Hence, the factual circumstances that cause an accident often determine what legal treatment the case deserves. A car accident, for instance, is handled differently than a plane accident because the conditions and applicable laws differ from each other.

Generally, accident cases are covered by the personal injury law and torts law. An accident may fall under any of the following types:

• Vehicle accident – includes all accidents involving car, trucks, buses, bicycles and motorcycles

• Premise liability – which include slip and fall accidents, recreation and amusement park accidents

• Product liability – these include accidents arising from the use of defective products

• Medical malpractice

• Aviation/ plane accidents

• Boat and water accidents

• Fire/ Burn Accidents

• Animal attacks

• Construction liability

Accidents often result in injuries and harm that range from minor, serious or catastrophic injuries to fatal injuries and death. Minor injuries may include cuts, bruises and wounds while serious injuries may result in spinal cord injury, brain and head injuries that could end up in life-altering conditions such as paralysis and disability, or worse – death.

An injured victim may recover damages for injuries incurred in accidents. Under the law, a victim may file a claim for economic and non-economic damages that may arise out of one’s injuries in an accident.

Among the economic damages that may be pursued include hospital and medical expenses, loss of earnings or wage, and damage to property, while non-economic damages may include compensation for pain and suffering, emotional distress, loss of consortium, among others. In some cases, punitive damages may also be brought up against the liable party to prevent occurrence of similar incident in the future.

Generally, personal injury lawsuits fall under the jurisdiction of state courts in the county where the accident occurred. For instance, if you are involved in a car accident in Los Angeles, you may file the lawsuit in the Superior Court of California, Los Angeles County.

Negligence or carelessness is the common basis of many personal injury cases.
Based on negligence, the basic rule in accident liability is — the less careful or negligent person must pay a portion of the damages suffered by the more careful one.

Thus, liability is determined by this rule and by some of the following considerations:

• The duty to be careful toward the injured person must be present

• If the injured person was also careless, compensation may be reduced. This is known as comparative negligence.

• If a negligent person causes an accident while working for someone else, the employer may also be held responsible for the accident

• If an accident is caused on property that is dangerous because it is poorly built or maintained, the owner of the property is liable for being careless in maintaining the property, regardless of whether he actually created the dangerous condition.

• If an accident is caused by a defective product, the manufacturer and seller of the product are both liable for the injuries caused.

Finding fault and determining the liability in any type of accident may not be that easy. Each type of accident is pursued differently, depending on the circumstances of the case and the laws that govern it. To recover claims for injuries incurred in any specific accidents in Los Angeles, for instance, a victim must seek the assistance of an experienced Los Angeles accident attorney.

Tax Tips: CPA Or Tax Attorney?

When confronted with solving a tax problem, taxpayers have a number of choices including dealing with the issue themselves, hiring a CPA or retaining a tax attorney versed in the tax problem being addressed. Due to the intricacies and far reaching impact of income tax law, engaging a CPA or tax attorney may be advantageous to the taxpayer.

A CPA (certified public accountant) has completed the requisite university courses, passed examinations and met all other licensing and experience requirements to be certified by the state. CPA’s are experts in accounting, auditing financial statements and the preparation of income tax returns for corporations, non profits and individuals. CPA’s are also employed in industry, non profits or government as accountants, auditors, treasurers, chief financial officers (CFO) and other accounting, financial or executive positions. For example, the IRS hires an army of professional accountants and auditors.

The individual state boards grant the CPA designation and license. CPAs may also belong to the national association, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA). A CPA can also be a member of the state association. CPAs are mandated to fulfill continuing education requirements and follow the association’s code of conduct.

An attorney is a professional licensed to provide legal advice, practice law or conduct lawsuits on behalf of clients. A tax attorney is a specialist attorney in assisting taxpayers to solve tax problems with the IRS or the state Franchise Tax Board. An attorney can also be called a lawyer or counselor. To be licensed as an attorney, one must have obtained a degree in professional law from an accredited law school and successfully completed a state bar examination.

While the Statement of Principles (National Conference of Lawyers and CPAs 1951) recognizes that nonlawyers may be admitted to practice before the United States Tax Court, it states that a CPA should advise a client who has received a notice of deficiency to consult an attorney, because the client should be advised of the possibility of litigating the matter through a refund suit in the district court of the Claims Court rather than before the Tax Court. When a CPA learns that a client is being investigated for possible criminal violations of the tax laws, he or she should promptly advise the client to seek the advice of a lawyer as to the client’s legal, constitutional rights and the related privileges. An attorney can plead a taxpayer’s case in a court of law. In limited cases a CPA can make a presentation to the Court, however this is not a good idea especially if the accountant prepared the tax return in question.

The Attorney-client privilege is a legal concept that protects communications between an attorney and the client. The attorney is bound to keep these communications confidential. Any communication between a CPA and a client is not held confidential.

When a taxpayer is trying to solve a tax problem it is not a matter of either or. Taxpayers can consider their CPA as vital as their tax attorney and quite so. A taxpayer could utilize the services of both a tax attorney and a CPA to resolve a pressing IRS tax situation. The main difference is that a CPA cannot litigate in district court and a CPA does not have privileged communication with the client.

Taxpayers should consider retaining an experienced tax attorney and/or CPA to solve tax problems.

John Spurgeon is both a CPA and tax attorney in Pasadena, California servicing clients in the San Gabriel Valley and the greater Los Angeles area. John Spurgeon and Associates, who are both tax attorneys and CPAs, have the proven knowledge and experience to effectively solve tax problems with the IRS or the Franchise Tax Board. Please call 626-440-9518 for a complimentary initial consultation.

About John Spurgeon and Associates

John Spurgeon and Associates is a professional services firm located in Pasadena, California with a focus on tax law and related accounting services. They have extensive experience with federal and state income taxes, payroll taxes and sales taxes. They represent business, non-profits and individuals against the IRS and the Franchise Tax Board (California State Taxes). As both tax attorneys and Certified Public Accountants they offer a broad range of tax related services.

Defective Motorcycle Tires

One of the most common motorcycle parts defects is faulty tires. This motorcycle part is usually the subject of government and manufacturer recall.

Every year, about 36 motorcycles are recalled for tire defects by the government. The manufacturers recall even more.

Manufacturers are often in the business to make a profit, but they usually act fast when it comes to issuing recalls for defective motorcycles. This is to save themselves from potential liability suits and not to mention, the embarrassment of having a defective product.

The only problem is, it is difficult to reach all tire owners and a lot of the defective tires remain in circulation. These defective motorcycle tires may be the cause road accidents.

This is especially dangerous here in Los Angeles where vehicles are known to speed up on freeways.

That is why, it is vital for every motorcycle owner to pay attention and look into the quality of their tires.

Tire defects in motorcycles can be caused by a lot of things, some of which are:

• Most motorcycle tire defects usually occur in the manufacturing process. In this case, it may not affect the whole batch of tires produced but just a number of them.

• Some motorcycle tire defects are caused by design flaws. This usually occurs when a tire design does not correspond with the motorcycle design.

• Another cause of motorcycle tire defects is poor labeling and faulty installation.
That is why it is very important for motorcycle owners to be vigilant and report suspected defective tires.

You may suspect that a motorcycle tire is defective if:

• The motorcycle tire malfunctions even if it’s brand new.

• The motorcycle wobbles and/or makes strange noises.

• The motorcycle malfunctions for no reason.

• The motorcycle crashes for no apparent reason (there is good weather, good road conditions, no excessive speed, etc.).

• The motorcycle gets into an accident because of heavy load.

To avoid accidents here are some tips in maintaining motorcycle tires:

• Air it out – You should check the tire pressure every time you are able to. Contrary to what most believe, it is the air and not the carcass that supports the bike. This is one step that a lot of bikers take for granted. Remember, under-inflation is a biker’s worst enemy.

• Ensure proper alignment – Always check the position of your tires. Proper alignment gives better handling and longer wear.

• Wash with soap and water – Most manufacturers recommend that tires should be washed only with soap and water. Make sure that any lubricants are removed like gasoline and brake fluids.

• Avoid road hazards – You should try to avoid potholes and any sharp objects on the road like nails and screws.

• Do not mix and match tires – Never install two tires of differing construction in a motorcycle.

• When replacing a tire, replace everything – If you are going to replace a tire, replace everything, including the tubes. Some manufacturers even recommend that you change both tires at the same time even if they are not worn out at the same level.

Motorcycles with defective tires are very dangerous on the road. If you suspect that a motorcycle tire is faulty, you should report it to the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) for investigation.

If you have been injured because of an accident caused by a defective motorcycle tire, you should consult with a product liability attorney to know if you have a case against the manufacturer.

Common Issues Dealt by a Los Angeles Motorcycle Accident Attorney

The rising costs of fuel prices in recent times have resulted in an increase in the number of people who have turned to motorcycles as a means of transportation. Consequently, this resulted in higher incidence of motorcycle accidents.

Riding motorcycles is inherently risky. According to statistics, motorcyclists are about 26 times more likely to die in a crash than someone riding in a car is. Riders are also five times as likely to be injured.

In addition, motorcyclists are 16 times more likely to die in an accident as well, and about three times more likely to be injured in it.

To prevent accidents, motorcycle laws were implemented. Although most states have motorcycle laws, California’s motorcycle law is different from the rest as it has certain provisions that others do not have.

• First, California is one of the first states to adopt a law requiring motorcycle riders to wear helmets on the road. According to this law, the safety helmets that are to be worn by riders must be approved and labeled by the Department of Transportation. Across the country, twenty states require helmets for all riders. These include Alabama, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and West Virginia. As of 2006, four states have no helmet laws: Colorado, Illinois, Iowa and New Hampshire.

However, in some states, helmet laws were created based on age, riding experience and medical insurance. Riders above a certain age (typically 18 to 21) are exempted from wearing a helmet. Some states require inexperienced riders to wear a helmet for the first one or two years of being licensed regardless of their age. Two states (Texas and Florida) exempt riders with proof of medical insurance.

On the other hand, some states without helmet law or with partial helmet requirements require eye protection for riders.

• California is the only state that allows lane splitting, which means that motorcycles can drive in between slow-moving or stopped cars in a lane. Although this is not legally set forth in the law, it is a practice allowed in the state. The California Highway Patrol said lane splitting is allowed if riders will do it in “a safe and prudent manner”, which means that a rider must consider his speed and the speed of the surrounding traffic to make a safe pass.

On the other hand, lane sharing – where two motorcycles occupy the same lane – is legal most states.

These are the common issues that a motorcycle accident attorney is likely to deal with when confronted with an accident in Los Angeles. Apart from this, an attorney will deal with the usual methods of determining your liability and establishing fault in the accident through the applicable accident laws of the state.

As in most negligence cases, a motorcycle accident attorney will try to establish fault in order to determine the liability of parties in the accident.

Motor vehicle accidents, including motorcycle accidents, may be caused by the following factors:

• Negligence of drivers

• Vehicle design or manufacturing defects

• External factors such weather conditions, road design defects, among others

Based on these factors and all other circumstances of the case, fault in an accident may be proven and liability can be established.

Dealing with these motorcycle accident issues may be difficult for the victim, especially if he is injured. Hence, if you happen to be involved in a motorcycle accident in Los Angeles, consulting with an experienced motorcycle accident attorney in your area is important.

Why Is Automobile Insurance for Teen Drivers High?

Automobile insurance premiums vary for each type of people. Insurance companies perform risk management studies to determine the rate that will be charged to a policy holder.

The higher the risk the driver is likely to be involved in an accident, the higher the automobile insurance premium will be.

That is why teen drivers are likely to have a higher rate than other age brackets. Risk management studies by automobile insurance companies have already profiled teen drivers to be high risk.

According to studies, teen drivers are more likely to lose control of the car, commit errors behind the wheel, make poor decisions on the road, and drive at unsafe speeds compared to other age groups.

There are different factors that affect this conclusion. Some of which are:

• Age – According to the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration or NHTSA, teen drivers account for about a third of all road accidents in the US. Insurance companies now use that fact to charge higher premiums on younger drivers

• Sex – According to studies, men are also more prone to accidents than women. Combined with age, a teenage boy will likely have to pay a higher rate than a teenage girl.

• Location – Studies also show that people who live in highly populated areas are also more prone to accidents. So a teen driver’s home will also factor in the rate of his automobile insurance.

• Type of car – The more expensive a car is, the higher the cost of getting it fixed. An expensive car is also more likely to be targeted by theft compared to less expensive cars.

Each automobile insurance company may use other factors to decide the premiums to be charged on each driver but the factors mentioned above are usually the most basic.

To decide whether the rates are fair or not, we could only speculate, insurance companies are a profit making company and conclusions they made will probably always be on their interest.

However, there are some things parents and teen drivers can do to lower (at least a little) the car insurance rate and here are some tips:

• Get good grades – Auto insurance companies usually look at the whole profile and good grades usually reflect responsibility and decision-making skills. Some Insurance companies offer reduction depending on the teen driver’s GPA.

• Go to Traffic School – According to NHTSA studies, teen drivers are more likely to speed and be given a traffic ticket. Traffic tickets increase automobile insurance premiums. To keep a clean record, some judges give the option to attend traffic school; they should attend traffic school. Not only do they get a chance to keep their records clean, they might learn a few things about road safety as well.

• Choose a practical car – A 16-year old driving a corvette would only result in high premiums. You are combining the high risk of a young driver and the high risk of an expensive car. Choose the usual 4 door car that is safe to drive, fuel-efficient and has safety features.
Those are just some tips to keep teen driver’s premiums low. Parents should remember that even if they trust their children, youth gives them some feeling of invincibility and it can lead them to an accident.
If your teen child is involved in a road accident, be sure to consult with an attorney to help with your legal options.

Canadian Immigration Categories and Legal Status

The population shortage in Canada has led to a very positive attitude towards enticing immigrants to live and do business in the Great White North. After World War II Canada accepted large numbers of refugees, known then as Displaced Persons, from destroyed European countries. They were Italians, Poles, Czechs, and others who wanted to be accepted in a country without war, where they could build a new life.

Life has been comparatively good in the land of the freezing: Canada is the top-ranked country, the number one place to live in the world. Free health care is a major benefit, with universal access for all. The environment is cleaner than other places, the education system is excellent, neighborhoods are generally safe, and there is overall racial harmony and equality in the workplace. It goes without saying that nobody is considered a target because of where he’s from or the color of his skin.

That tradition has brought a wide diversity of ethnic communities; thirty-six separate ethnicities have populations of over 100,000. Almost every country in the world is represented within the population. Decades later, the population is still shrinking at a rate of 1.5% so hard-working new citizens are needed to make the economy work. The economic class of immigrants is desirable to bring money and skills into the country. Someone moving here to work is expected to have money to survive for six months. Entry starts with a temporary work visa, which later becomes permanent resident status. There are thirty-eight skilled job classifications pursued by Immigration Canada as worthy of fast-track processing.

There is a liberal policy to allow immigration to Canada so it’s the easiest way to qualify for a visa. Once a person is a citizen it’s a straightforward matter to bring relatives into the country.

A sub-category of Economic Immigrants is Business Class, where a new immigrant owns at least a third of a business and has 0K in business assets. The intent is to create new jobs for Canadians, thus stimulating the economy. The government needs taxpayers so this plan looks good on paper. In practice this clause is open to a good amount of abuse and it results in financial loss without the government realizing it.

Let’s take a look at the loophole being used all the time to the detriment of the taxpayers. Let us say a couple in China are part of an extended family but have no relatives living in Canada to get them in. The husband has a cousin and two friends wishing to move to Canada. They are all in their late 20s and have been saving up money in the hopes of getting to North America. Now the couples are starting to have children and the expenses are mounting. Here’s what they do: they pool all their money and buy a warehouse worth around a million dollars. Then they take out a business license and apply for a visa as owners of a Canadian business. The building is worth a million and the four husbands use that and some minor equity to prove their net worth is over 0K and so they are granted permanent status. They move to Canada with all the new children that they couldn not afford back in their home country. Now they have free education and free medical coverage without ever having a real business or creating jobs. They also have opened the door to all the relatives that now qualify to come over. The loss occurs in the social services used up when no contribution has been made to the economy.

Here is a breakdown for a four-year period (2004-2008) of new residents: Family Class 65,567; Economic Immigrants 149,072; Refugees 21,860; Other immigrants 10,742 – for a total of 247,243 people who have gone through the process in the last four years. Almost ten percent of those granted entry were refugees. Many who show up to claim refugee status remain in the country even if their claim is rejected. This is caused by a poorly-defined screening process that has resulted in tens of thousands of warrants and deportation orders (which are not usually enforced).

When dealing with governments it is always best to use the services of a lawyer who specializes in Canadian Immigration so that the correct procedure is done right the first time. Any mistake can force the applicant to begin all over again so it’s worth spending a few dollars to avoid lengthy delays in reprocessing. The lawyer will know the most appropriate form to expedite the application. The odds are definitely in favor of the immigrant who knows where he’s going.

There is another program that fast-tracks new visa holders by having them select a particular province in which to live and work. Quebec doesn’t belong to this group but every other province and territory does except Nunavut and the North-West Territories. Most provinces need people – especially those with skills that can boost industry.

The federal government prefers to have fairly open borders and chooses to sit back and let things sort themselves out…after all, most of the illegal immigrants will eventually pay to file a form out of sheet convenience at some point if they want to stay in Canada and work. With no attempt to expel those with deportation orders outstanding, the number of illegal immigrants in Canada is probably much higher than the 41,000 reported in 2008 by Auditor-General Sheila Fraser, and estimates go as high as 120,000 currently living in the country illegally. The real number is anybody’s guess since there’s no priority in making the system airtight. It costs manpower and money to track down individuals and prosecute them for a fairly abstract return on any resources invested in cleaning up a non-problem.

One interesting immigration rule that exists in Canada makes it possible to obtain a visa based on a cultural talent rather than raw capital. This means that you can become a Canadian citizen even if you have no money, no business interests, no relatives – all you have to do is write some nice poetry that some nebulous government panel decides is culturally important enough for you to read for spare loonies in Place Jacques Cartier.

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